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What Causes And Risk Factors Of Anxiety Disorder We Should Know

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Introduction

It’s common to have uneasiness every now and then. However, strong, excessive, and persistent worry and panic over commonplace circumstances are typically experienced by those with anxiety disorders. Anxiety disorders sometimes entail recurrent episodes of abrupt, acute anxiety, panic, or terror that peak in intensity in a matter of minutes.These uncomfortable, hard to regulate, out-of-proportion to the real threat, and protracted sensations of worry and panic interfere with daily activities. To stop these feelings, you could avoid certain locations or circumstances. Children or teenagers may first have symptoms, which may then last until adulthood.Generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder (social phobia), individual phobias, and separation anxiety disorder are a few examples of anxiety disorders. There are various types of anxiety disorders. There are situations when anxiety is a symptom of a disease that requires care.Any type of anxiety you experience can be treated.

Types of anxiety

There are various varieties of anxiety disorders:

Agoraphobia

It is a type of anxiety disorder in which a person fears and frequently avoids locations or situations that can make them feel confined, helpless, or ashamed.

Panic sensation

Intense anxiety or panic sensations that are directly attributed to a physical health issue are included in anxiety disorders that are caused by medical conditions.

Excessive anxiety

Anxiety and worry about things that are commonplace or routine, as well as persistent and excessive anxiety, are symptoms of generalised anxiety disorder. The worry is excessive compared to the situation, hard to regulate, and has an impact on how you physically feel. It frequently co-occurs with depression or other anxiety disorders.

Repeated episodes of acute anxiety

Repeated episodes of abrupt, acute anxiety, fear, or terror that peak in intensity in a matter of minutes are symptoms of panic disorder . Shortness of breath, chest pain, or a fast, fluttering, or pounding heart are possible signs of imminent catastrophe . These panic episodes may cause concern that they’ll happen again or a desire to stay away from circumstances where they’ve happened.

Selective mutism

Selective mutism is the inability of children to talk in some contexts, like school, despite their ability to do so in others, including at home with their immediate relatives. It may be disruptive to learning, employment, and social interactions.

Sepration anxiety

A childhood disorder called separation anxiety disorder is characterised by excessive anxiety for the child’s developmental stage and anxiety associated to separation from parents or other adults who play parental duties.
High degrees of anxiety, fear, and avoidance of social situations are symptoms of social anxiety disorder. which are brought on by emotions of humiliation, self-consciousness, and worry about being judged or perceived adversely by others.
Major anxiety when exposed to a particular object or scenario and a desire to avoid it are characteristics of certain phobias. Some people experience panic episodes due to phobias.

Intense anxiety

Intense anxiety or panic symptoms that are a direct result of drug abuse, prescription use, toxic substance exposure, or drug withdrawal are the hallmarks of substance-induced anxiety disorder.

Causes

The causes of anxiety disorders aren’t fully understood. Life experiences such as traumatic events appear to trigger anxiety disorders in people who are already prone to anxiety. Inherited traits also can be a factor.

Medical causes

For some people, anxiety may be linked to an underlying health issue. In some cases, anxiety signs and symptoms are the first indicators of a medical illness. If your doctor suspects your anxiety may have a medical cause, he or she may order tests to look for signs of a problem.

Examples of medical problems that can be linked to anxiety include:

Heart disease
Diabetes
Thyroid problems, such as hyperthyroidism
Respiratory disorders, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma
Drug misuse or withdrawal
Withdrawal from alcohol, anti-anxiety medications  or other medications
Chronic pain or irritable bowel syndrome Rare tumors that produce certain fight-or-flight hormones
Sometimes anxiety can be a side effect of certain medications.It’s possible that your anxiety may be due to an underlying medical condition if:

You don’t have any blood relatives (such as a parent or sibling) with an anxiety disorderYou didn’t have an anxiety disorder as a child.You don’t avoid certain things or situations because of anxiety

You have a sudden occurrence of anxiety that seems unrelated to life events and you didn’t have a previous history of anxiety
Uncertainties remain regarding the causes of anxiety disorders. People who are already anxious seem to be more susceptible to anxiety disorders when they are exposed to severe life situations. Traits that are inherited can also play a role.

healthcare causes

An underlying medical condition may be connected to anxiety in certain persons. Sometimes the first warning signals of a medical condition are anxiety-related signs and symptoms. Your doctor may request tests to look for symptoms of a problem if they have reason to believe your worry may have a medical cause.

Examples of health issues that anxiety has been connected to include:
Heart condition
Diabetes
thyroid conditions like hyperthyroidism
respiratory conditions include asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
abuse or withdrawal from drugs
withdrawal from alcohol, benzodiazepines, or other drugs that treat anxiety
Irritable bowel syndrome or persistent pain
rare tumours that release specific hormones that aid in flight or combat
Certain drugs occasionally have the adverse effect of anxiousness.Your worry might be brought on by an underlying medical issue if:

You don’t have any blood relatives who suffer from anxiety disorders (like a parent or sibling).

You didn’t grow up with an anxiety illness.
Because of your anxiousness, you don’t avoid particular situations or objects.
You suddenly experience anxiety that seems unconnected to current events, and you have no prior history of worry.

Risk elements

These elements could make you more likely to acquire an anxiety disorder:

Trauma

Children who experienced abuse, trauma, or observed horrific events are more likely to eventually develop an anxiety disorder. Anxiety disorders can also manifest in adults who had traumatising experiences.

Illness relates stress

illness-related stress. When you have a major sickness or health condition, you may worry a lot about things like your future and treatment.
stress accumulation Excessive anxiety may be brought on by a major incident or a pile of lesser stressful life circumstances, such as a loss in the family, work stress, or persistent financial worry.

Personality

Anxiety disorders are more likely to affect some personality types than others

Anxiety disorders are frequently co-occurring with other mental health illnesses, such as depression, in many people.having a family history of anxiety disorders. Disorders of anxiety can run in families.

Drugs

Anxiety can be caused or made worse by the misuse, abuse, or usage of drugs or alcohol.

When to see a doctor

Consult a doctor if You believe that your excessive worry is affecting other aspects of your life, such as your career and relationships.

Your dread, worry, or anxiety upsets you and is challenging to manage.
You have anxiety combined with depression, difficulties with alcohol or drug use, or other mental health issues.
You believe there may be a connection between your anxiety and a medical condition.You exhibit suicidal thoughts or actions; if this is the case, get emergency help right once.
If you don’t get help, your problems could not go away on their own and might even get worse over time. Before your anxiety worsens, consult a medical professional or a mental health professional.

Prevention

Although it’s impossible to know with certainty what will lead someone to acquire an anxiety disorder, there are steps you can do to lessen the severity of symptoms if you experience anxiety:

Get assistance as soon as possible. Waiting to get treatment for anxiety, like many other mental health issues, might make it more difficult.

Remain active

Engage in things you find enjoyable and positive for your self-image. Enjoy the company of kind people and social interaction because they can help you relax.

Avoid using drugs

Avoid using drugs or alcohol. Anxiety can be caused by or worsened by alcohol and drug usage. Quitting one of these substances can make you anxious if you are addicted to it. Visit your doctor or look for a support group if you are unable to stop on your own.

Conclusion

Anxiety is a typical, albeit highly individualised, human emotion. Even though anxiety is a normal part of life, it may also lead to millions of individuals experiencing excruciating misery.

 

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